Some of the best things I’ve read in 2019

My goal this year is to read 40 books (might try a last minute boost up to 52 depending on how ambitious I get later in the year).

Below are my thoughts on my favorite things I’ve read so far. For now it’ll be books but expect to see some articles as well in the future.

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How to Be an Antiracist, Ibram X. Kendi
Read on September 23
Bumping this to the top because if there’s anything you should learn from my website, it’s that this book exists. How to Be an Antiracist has easily become the most important book I have ever read. As I work on processing and reflecting on this book, expect this review to evolve. These are just my immediate fresh thoughts. I’m writing this right after turning the last page and I want to start off with why this is book is so important.

If you are looking for a book to read on racism start here. This is a book that is written for everyone. The problem with most other books on Racism is the insistence of using unquestioned esoteric language. “Institutional”, “Systemic”, etc racism have gone mainstream and become meaningless. Ibram provides a remedy through simple and specific language on what racism is, what is racist, and how to be anti-racist. Most importantly, he challenges the long held convention that people of color cannot be racist. Any person who supports a racist policy, i.e a policy that creates inequity between races, is a racist.

Through this simple idea, Ibram explores the intersectionality of racism among gender, class, sexuality, color, and more. Take your time and you’ll see soon enough with every chapter how you are a part of “the” problem. More important than realizing ones own wrongdoing or changing opinion, you’ll learn what to do in order to be a part of “the” solution.

On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft, Stephen King
Read on January 2
I’ve actually never read a Stephen King book or read a “how to do ___” or any sort of skill improvement book before, but I feel like I can safely say that this one isn’t like the others. I have no authority to make such a claim, but this book does not read like a manual, it is unconventional and witty, and most importantly, fun to read.

I love writing. I love it more than talking and this book gave me a new approach to doing it. In the two days it took to read this book I couldn’t help but feel regret for everything I had written previously.

Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America, Juan Gonzalez
Read on February 2
This book is a must read to learn about the role of corporate imperialism in South America. After reading Harvest of Empire you’ll understand how a series of racist foreign policy decisions led to mass instability south of our border and drove people out of their homelands. These policies are ongoing, and their impact continues to grow. If you want to understand the present day “border crisis” start here.

Additionally, this book gave me a deeper understanding of my heritage and newfound perspective on my responsibility as a first-generation Mexican-American who now lives in a new world of privilege.
Fun fact: When I worked at Microsoft I was able to meet Professor Gonzalez after inviting him to speak at a Hispanic/Latino event I organized.

White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism, Robin DiAngelo
Read on February 25
Although this book is primarily intended for white folks on how to become allies in the fight to dismantle racism, there’s substantial learning for any person of color as well. This is especially true if you are also a white passing person of color like I am.

The Cesar Ruiz litmus test of what makes a great book boils down to a couple of points. Did this book make me think of a subject in an entirely new way? Additionally, did this book give me a new vocabulary and understanding to speak about it? White Fragility did both things and more.

The most important takeaway from this book comes from understanding the complexities and nuances of racism as a structure and not event. Only after learning that racism is a structure weaved into every aspect of our lives we can begin to deconstruct how how it manifests and maintains itself over time.

We don’t live in a post-racial era. We are far from it. Any attempt to discredit the influence of racism in 21st century America only makes it more prevalent and difficult to dismantle.

We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights, Adam Winkler
Read on April 2
Super dense and filled with legalese. I honestly wouldn’t recommend this anyone unless you’re interested in law or corporate history. You REALLY have to love these things to be able to power through this book.
I’m not really into law, nor have an outstanding interest in corporate history. HOWEVER, I am a nerd and above all else patient. If you’re willing to hunker down and dive into this book it’ll blow your mind (mostly in angering/frustrating bad ways).

This book tells the story of how corporations fought and won their legally entrenched privilege in America. You’ll learn about how many of the rights we as flesh and blood humans enjoy now were given first to other humans that only exist on legal paper. It all goes back to the original sin of our founding. This country started as a corporation. America was never anything else but a for profit enterprise.

On top of that, this unique legal-historical lens will point out many more moments of our country’s history that will give you that sense of “this explains so much” for the present day.

Long Walk to Freedom, Nelson Mandela
Read on April 27
This is one of the few books I’ve read that felt like it was never going to end. I took my time with this one. I waited to read this book until I was at a point where I was comfortably ahead of my reading goal so I could appreciate this free from anxiety. Living in a time of political instability, this book filled me with hope and determination.

No other book will make you feel more angry, inspired, sad, grateful, and hopeful all at once.

So many more people have written better reviews on this book and I want to highlight one that particularly resonated with what I thought.
“Neglected and abandoned by the superpowers of the world, the people of South Africa never lost hope and Mandela is a fascinating and shining example of a man, stripped of everything, who, no matter what life threw in his way, maintained his dignity and his sight not only on the problems, but also on the solutions.” – Henry on Goodreads

Parting the Waters: Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement 1954-63, Taylor Branch
Read on July 29
I think Beto said it best (1:33). I only picked up this book because of that video. This is a book that makes you appreciate a whole era of time under a completely fresh perspective. The fight for civil rights was ~50 years ago and I think we’ve let ourselves become so far removed from the triumphs and sacrifices from that period. We take this period of American history for granted. I constantly felt myself thinking “I can’t believe this actually happened” as I read through Parting the Waters.

Understanding the harsh reality of the civil rights movement will fill you with awe for not just the icons of the era, but the everyday people who put their lives on the line to secure better, not full civil rights. LBJ, MLK, JFK, and other icons of the time may be remembered as the heroes, but they are only a small part of the story.

Inside the Five-Sided Box: Lessons from a Lifetime of Leadership in the Pentagon, Ash Carter
Read on September 4
Remember the good old days when you didn’t know the names of cabinet secretaries?

I try my best not to be a labels guy. I do this because labels lead to tribalism. Tribalism is the ugliest part of our politics and it’s taken over both the left and the right. Tribalism won’t let us question our deepest held beliefs. Tribalism stops us from being pragmatic. Tribalism removes our ability to think critically.

All this is to say, being someone who strongly identifies as a liberal, my natural inclination is to be angry at the military industrial complex and hate everything about our disastrous foreign policy. The pacifist-optimist in me could never justify an atrociously high defense budget at a time when children in this country go hungry and sleep on the streets. The pragmatist in me can’t justify it as well. However, in keeping an open mind I couldn’t help but see things in a different light after reading this book. The ongoing theme of American politics is few things are as black and white as others make them to be. (Not to justify the condition of the underprivileged. The point is that I accept arguments and see reasons why such an atrociously high defense spending may be more justified than not)

Ash’s book gave me a nuanced and deeper understanding of what the Department of Defense IS and DOES. He’s the only SecDef who’s held all three top positions. Through is wide ranging experiences, he humanized a whole group of people that would otherwise be seen as blood-lusted potential war criminals from those in the ultra liberal camp. In my political bubble, not many people have a deep non-partisan gratitude and appreciation for our servicewomen and men.

I could go on and on about the countless ways Ash provides a counterbalancing perspective towards the worst of tribalism from the left. Parts of our military ARE broken and in need of reform (as acknowledged by Ash). But there are many parts that work incredibly well and do so much good for people around the world. There are also people serving our country who disgrace the United States with their behavior. The vast majority are honorable and proudly represent our values at home and abroad.

Ash’s biggest lesson is taking things for what they are at face value and responding appropriately. If we had more values driven people like Ash continuously leading the Department of Defense, I think the more “liberal” Americans would be more supportive of the decisions made by our military.





Welcome!

Thanks for checking out my personal website. 😊

This site was primarily born out of the fact that CesarRuiz.com was finally on sale and I snatched it up at the earliest opportunity. To make myself feel better about this impulse buy I figured I should spend the time to actually build out a personal website.

Here’s what you can expect for Phase 1.

As of August 2019 there are three main things I am focusing on:

  1. Reading: Nothing will get in the way of my annual reading challenge. In an effort to get the most out of the books I read, I want to write down my thoughts, reviews, learnings, and more.
  2. App development: My old roommate and I work on tons of fun side projects. Hopefully you’ll try some of them out. I’ll share updates here.
  3. Building out a non-profit to support first generation college students: I started a scholarship earlier this year to support new Upward Bound graduates from my high school. I’m hoping to expand this and provide more support for alumni in school.

If you found your way here I’m hoping you find at least one of these things interesting and come back for more. Maybe we can even collab.

Stay tuned.